R

R 语言在centos6.4上的安装

abloz 2013-08-30
abloz 2013-08-30

周海汉 2013.8.30

CentOS 6.4 64位上安装。官方下载地址:

http://cran.r-project.org

官方下载比较老。

[R-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm](http://ftp.ctex.org/mirrors/CRAN/bin/linux/redhat/el5/x86_64/R-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm) 09-Nov-2009 16:45 14K
[R-core-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm](http://ftp.ctex.org/mirrors/CRAN/bin/linux/redhat/el5/x86_64/R-core-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm) 09-Nov-2009 16:45 31M
[R-devel-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm](http://ftp.ctex.org/mirrors/CRAN/bin/linux/redhat/el5/x86_64/R-devel-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm) 09-Nov-2009 16:45 87K
[ReadMe](http://ftp.ctex.org/mirrors/CRAN/bin/linux/redhat/el5/x86_64/ReadMe) 31-Aug-2009 15:30 262
[libRmath-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm](http://ftp.ctex.org/mirrors/CRAN/bin/linux/redhat/el5/x86_64/libRmath-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm) 09-Nov-2009 16:45 102K
[libRmath-devel-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm](http://ftp.ctex.org/mirrors/CRAN/bin/linux/redhat/el5/x86_64/libRmath-devel-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm) 09-Nov-2009 16:45 148K

官方比较旧,rpm还安装失败:

[andy@s1 ~]$ sudo rpm -ivh R-core-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm warning: R-core-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 97d3544e: NOKEY error: Failed dependencies: libtcl8.4.so()(64bit) is needed by R-core-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64 libtk8.4.so()(64bit) is needed by R-core-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64 perl(File::Copy::Recursive) is needed by R-core-2.10.0-2.el5.x86_64

[andy@s1 ~]$ sudo yum install R

No package R available. Error: Nothing to do

更新源到fedoraproject

[andy@s1 ~]$ sudo rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

[andy@s1 ~]$ sudo yum install R

Downloading Packages: (1/13): R-3.0.1-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                         |  19 kB     00:00 (2/13): R-core-3.0.1-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                                 |  46 MB     02:59 (3/13): R-core-devel-3.0.1-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                           |  90 kB     00:00 (4/13): R-devel-3.0.1-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                                |  19 kB     00:00 (5/13): R-java-3.0.1-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                                 |  20 kB     00:00 (6/13): R-java-devel-3.0.1-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                           |  19 kB     00:00 (7/13): libRmath-3.0.1-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                               | 115 kB     00:00 (8/13): libRmath-devel-3.0.1-2.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                         |  24 kB     00:00 (9/13): pcre-devel-7.8-6.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                               | 318 kB     00:00 (10/13): tcl-devel-8.5.7-6.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                             | 162 kB     00:00 (11/13): texinfo-4.13a-8.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                               | 668 kB     00:00 (12/13): texinfo-tex-4.13a-8.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                           | 132 kB     00:00 (13/13): tk-devel-8.5.7-5.el6.x86_64.rpm

[andy@s1 ~]$ R

R version 3.0.1 (2013-05-16) – “Good Sport” Copyright (C) 2013 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing Platform: x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu (64-bit)

R是自由软件,不带任何担保。 在某些条件下你可以将其自由散布。 用’license()’或’licence()’来看散布的详细条件。

R是个合作计划,有许多人为之做出了贡献. 用’contributors()’来看合作者的详细情况 用’citation()’会告诉你如何在出版物中正确地引用R或R程序包。

用’demo()’来看一些示范程序,用’help()’来阅读在线帮助文件,或 用’help.start()’通过HTML浏览器来看帮助文件。 用’q()’退出R.

demo(graphics)

可以查看R能画哪些类型的图。

 

各种字符展示

demo(Hershey)

退出

q() Save workspace image? [y/n/c]: n


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