hadoop ubuntu集群安装

abloz 2012-05-22
abloz 2012-05-22

andy@ubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get install openjdk-6-jre openjdk-6-jdk

andy@ubuntu:~$ java -version java version “1.6.0_20” OpenJDK Runtime Environment (IcedTea6 1.9.13) (6b20-1.9.13-0ubuntu1~10.04.1) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 19.0-b09, mixed mode)

master:NameNode,JobTracker master203 slaves:DataNode,TaskTracker node205,node206 andy@ubuntu:~$ sudo addgroup hadoop

andy@ubuntu:~$ sudo adduser –ingroup hadoop hduser

用visudo将hduser添加到sudoers里面。

andy@ubuntu:~$ su - hduser

hduser@ubuntu:~$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -P “”

hduser@ubuntu:~$ cat $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa.pub » $HOME/.ssh/authorized_keys

hduser@ubuntu:~$ vi .ssh/config

Host master203 Port 50022 HostName 124.207.177.203 IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa

Host node205 Port 50022 HostName 124.207.177.205 IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa

Host node206 Port 50022 HostName 124.207.177.206 IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa

hduser@ubuntu:~$ chmod 600 .ssh/config

save your local machine’s host key fingerprint to the hduser user’s known_hosts file hduser@ubuntu:~$ ssh master The authenticity of host ‘[124.207.177.203]:50022 ([124.207.177.203]:50022)’ can’t be established. RSA key fingerprint is 4e:ae:62:83:44:8f:1c:56:a1:80:33:82:68:82:aa:af. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes

debug ssh -vvv master

/etc/ssh/sshd_config, in particular the options PubkeyAuthentication (which should be set to yes) and AllowUsers (if this option is active, add the hduser user to it). If you made any changes to the SSH server configuration file, you can force a configuration reload with sudo /etc/init.d/ssh reload.

更改主机名: hduser@ubuntu:~$ sudo vi /etc/hostname 改为 master203 再执行sudo hostname master203 使hostname生效。

修改hosts文件 hduser@master203:~$ sudo vi /etc/hosts 124.207.177.203 master203 124.207.177.205 node205 124.207.177.206 node206

hduser@master203:~$ scp -P 50022 .ssh/id_rsa hduser@124.207.177.205:~/.ssh

hduser@master203:~$ scp -P 50022 .ssh/id_rsa.pub hduser@124.207.177.205:~/.ssh

hduser@node205:~/.ssh$ cat id_rsa.pub » authorized_keys

download Hadoop: http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi/hadoop/core http://labs.renren.com/apache-mirror/hadoop/core

hduser@master203:~$ wget http://labs.renren.com/apache-mirror/hadoop/core/hadoop-1.0.2/hadoop_1.0.2-1_x86_64.deb

hduser@master203:~$ sudo dpkg -i hadoop_1.0.2-1_x86_64.deb

hduser@master203:~$ sudo vi /etc/hadoop/masters 将localhost改为 master203 hduser@master203:~$ sudo vi /etc/hadoop/slaves 将localhost去掉,并改为 master203 node205 node206

hduser@master203:~$ ls /usr/lib/jvm/ java-1.6.0-openjdk java-6-openjdk hduser@master203:~$ cat /etc/lsb-release DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu DISTRIB_RELEASE=10.04 DISTRIB_CODENAME=lucid DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION=”Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS” hduser@master203:~$ uname -a Linux master203 2.6.32-33-server #70-Ubuntu SMP Thu Jul 7 22:28:30 UTC 2011 x86_64 GNU/Linux

配置 1.只读缺省配置文件:src/core/core-default.xml, src/hdfs/hdfs-default.xml src/mapred/mapred-default.xml. 2.站点特定文件:conf/core-site.xml, conf/hdfs-site.xml conf/mapred-site.xml hduser@master203:~$ sudo vi /etc/hadoop/hadoop-env.sh

#export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-6-sun 根据版本修改 export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk 还可以配 Daemon Configure Options ——————————————- NameNode HADOOP_NAMENODE_OPTS DataNode HADOOP_DATANODE_OPTS SecondaryNamenode HADOOP_SECONDARYNAMENODE_OPTS JobTracker HADOOP_JOBTRACKER_OPTS TaskTracker HADOOP_TASKTRACKER_OPTS

这两个可能会更改: HADOOP_LOG_DIR,log目录 HADOOP_HEAPSIZE,daemon最大heap值,缺省是1000MB

添加文件core-site.xml 添加属性fs.default.name,值为NameNode 的URI,如hdfs://master203:9000 hduser@master203:~$ sudo vi /etc/hadoop/core-site.xml

    fs.default.name
    hdfs://master203:9000

hduser@master203:~$ sudo vi /etc/hadoop/hdfs-site.xml

dfs.replication 3 Default block replication.

value值根据实际情况填写。 hduser@master203:~$ sudo vi /etc/hadoop/mapred-site.xml

     mapred.job.tracker
     master203:9001

参考: http://hadoop.apache.org/common/docs/r1.0.2/api/org/apache/hadoop/conf/Configuration.html http://hadoop.apache.org/common/docs/r1.0.2/single_node_setup.html http://hadoop.apache.org/common/docs/r1.0.2/cluster_setup.html http://hadoop.apache.org/hdfs/docs/current/hdfs_design.html http://www.michael-noll.com/tutorials/running-hadoop-on-ubuntu-linux-single-node-cluster/ http://www.michael-noll.com/tutorials/running-hadoop-on-ubuntu-linux-multi-node-cluster/


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